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The primary mission of this Department is to deliver high quality cardio vascular care.  The foundation of the department was laid in 1992 and it formally started in 1993, when this super-specialty hospital came into existence, under the banner of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. Our mission has been to provide the most advanced technology to the poor and needy, extending as a life line to every patient through innovative ways of management including the surgical procedures with positive results.  This is flanged by a continued dedicated follow-up in a patients friendly approach.

 The last few decades have seen medical science, including cardiac science advance like never before in the history of mankind. On the other hand, modern life has brought about an increase in the life style diseases. At present, patients would be presenting with multi-system involvement and co-morbid conditions like chronic obstructive airway diseases, Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and many more which may make this group of patients unfit to undertake major surgeries. Here the concept of minimally invasive procedures or hybrid procedures could be undertaken to decrease the mortality, this involves a combination of medical /surgical skills and technology.

The staff in the Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery have a patient centric approach to clinical practice and aim to bring advance form of medical health care to our patients, through high quality facilities ensuring the best outcome to patient care. We value all our staff and team work is what determines our future. There is an open communication between the patients and relatives and this results in effective and timely action which benefits our patient.

The Department of  Cardiovascular  and  Thoracic  Surgery (CVTS)  has an independent bed strength of   40 beds which are dedicated to preoperative  ward,  a well  equipped  postoperative intensive care unit and intermediate care facility. It runs  an  active  cardiovascular  and  thoracic vascular  surgical  program  which  entertains both routine and emergency procedures. Cardiac work comprises of both congenital and acquired diseases including  valvular, coronary and congenital except the transplantations. Approximately 500 Open heart Surgeries (OHS) are  performed  each  year, in addition to these a good number of closed cardiac procedures, thoracic and  vascular  cases (including  aortic  aneurysm)  are  being  done.  There is a good cardiological back-up with facilities available for round the clock invasive hemodynamic monitoring, echocardiography and also for coronary angiography, primary PTCA (per cutaneous coronary angioplasty), temporary pacing for complete heart block, Percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC).  Cardiology department is well equipped with  the latest version of  echocardiography machine   having   biplane  transoesophageal  probe,  along  with facilities for color  flow  mapping,  several  computerized  ECG machines, computerized tread mill machine and two siemens cath lab.

The Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine are the ancillary departments which aid in clinical diagnosis of the patient. The Department of Radiology is well equipped with the state-of-art equipments such as 128 multislice CT scanner, Spiral CT scanner, MRI (1.5 Tesla). Besides the diagnostic work the department is carrying out routinely interventional work under CT and ultra sound guidance like biopsies, drainages, PCN, embolisation of tumour vessels as well as balloon dilatation The Radiology department is equipped with a number of fixed High Frequency Radiography machines incorporated with Computed Radiography (CR) system and Digital Radiography (DR) unit. 

Department   is the Nuclear  medicine  which deals with functional and  molecular imaging  with radio nuclide therapies using radio isotopes. There is a PET-CT Unit and High Dose Radionuclide Therapy facility.

To carry out the basic molecular research the Institute is backed up with the Department of  Biotechnology.



1.      Daily OPD from 8.00 am to 2.00 pm

            Unit I : Days : Monday, Wednesday and Friday

            Unit II: Days: Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday

2.      Daily Operation Theatre

a.       Unit I ; Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday

b.       Unit II: Monday, Wednesday and Friday

3.      In-patient services and 24 x 7 emergency services and consultations.

4.      Surgeries both (elective and emergency) in the field of cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular diseases.

5.      Community outreach services in rural areas through camps.

6.      Teaching of Undergraduates, postgraduates, for students of Allied health sciences, Physiotherapy and Nursing.


Academic Activities in the Department :Courses, teaching and training:


1.      The Department runs a three years M.Ch. course in Cardiovascular and thoracic surgery which is recognized by the Medical Council of India. The basic qualification is M.S. (gen. surgery). There is permission for take in of four students per year.

2.      The Department of CVTS has the B.Sc. course in Allied health sciences: B.Sc. Cardiopulmonary Perfusion Technology, which is a four year course.  The basic requirement is intermediate.

3.       From this year 2021 -22 the Department of CVTS shall be starting the M.Sc. Cardiopulmonary Perfusion Technology; The basic requirement is B.Sc in CPPT.

4.      The Department also has the post basic specialized CVT nursing course of one year.

5.      Ph.D in allied health sciences, Physiotherapy and Nursing.

6.      Besides the department Faculty are also involved with the teaching and training of the students of the seventh semester of the Bachelors of Physiotherapy and Bachelors of Nursing course.  


Interventional Procedures:


1.      Tracheostomy elective and emergency.

2.      Intercostal tube placement for trauma, pneumothorax, pleural effusions.

3.      Fibreoptic and rigid bronchoscopy for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes ( also rigid bronchoscopy for Foreign body aspiration)

4.      Pleural and lung open lung biopsy procedure.

5.      Thromboembolectomy


Surgeries Being Performed:

Surgeries: The Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery provides surgical solution to a wide spectrum of heart, vascular and lung ailments. The cardiac procedure involves the following:

Ø  Palliative and intra-cardiac surgeries for congenital heart diseases.

Ø  Valve reconstruction as well as replacement for valvular heart diseases.

Ø  Coronary artery bypass grafting /revascularization surgery through the beating heart technique as well as on cardiopulmonary bypass.  

Ø  Repair of aortic aneurysms arising from the ascending aorta till bifurcation of the aorta.

Ø  Repair of all forms of peripheral arterial aneurysms including the A-V fistula aneurysms in the chronic renal failure patients.

Ø  Surgery for aorto- iliac diseases, femoro-popliteal diseases  and the other peripheral arterial occlusive diseases.

Ø  Cardiac  and vascular trauma


With the increasing incidence of the pleural and the pulmonary diseases, there has been an increase in their interventions. Thoracic surgery involves the surgery which are done through the open technique as well as with the use of the video assisted thoracoscope where ever indicated.


Ø  Chest wall tumors with chest wall reconstructions

Ø  Decortication for Empyema thoracis irrespective of the etiology

Ø  Lobectomy / pneumonectomy for all forms of lung diseases whether infective or malignant.

Ø  Extended thymectomy for Myasthenia Gravis

Ø  Surgery for mediastinal tumors both benign and malignant.

Ø  Tracheal reconstruction

Ø  Surgeries for chest trauma

Ø  Video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for simple disease condition.


Ever since the inception of the Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic department the major achievements have been the versatility of the operative procedures being done here. Most of the cases which visit our outpatient department are very sick and have either had a surgery done earlier or the ones which have been denied surgery at the peer institutions.


Services not available

1.      Surgeries for complex congenital cardiac defects in infants and neonates

2.      Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

3.      Surgery for heart failure ( right and left ventricular assist devices).

4.      Heart and lung transplantation and combined heart and lung transplantation.


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